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自动门的原理、种类、组成和应用

来源:http://www.aladyaway.com 日期:2019-12-05 发布人:admin
  说起自动门,大家可能有点恍惚,其实我们日常中随处可见,商场、办公区域这些地方随处可见。其实自动门从理论上理解应该是门的概念的延伸,是门的功能根据人的需要所进行的发展和完善。自动门已经发展的非常成熟,自动门是指可以将人接近门的动作(或将某种入门授权)识别为开门信号的控制单元,通过驱动系统将门开启,在人离开后再将门自动关闭,并对开启和关闭的过程实现控制的系统。自动门在日常生活中已经有着非常广泛的应用,在门使用的同时还起着保护的作用,可用于实验室,食品加工厂,快速车间,恒温室,洁净室等等各种要求条件工作室。下面来为大家讲解一下自动门的相关知识,包括:自动门原理、种类及应用、组成结构、基本功能、施工安装方法、日常维护保养要点、使用注意事项、十大品牌榜、选购方法。
济南玻璃隔断,济南感应自动门
  When it comes to automatic doors, you may be in a trance. In fact, we can see them everywhere in our daily life, such as shopping malls and office areas. In fact, the theoretical understanding of automatic door should be the extension of the concept of door, and the development and improvement of the function of door according to human needs. The automatic door has developed very mature. The automatic door refers to the system that can recognize the action of people approaching the door (or some kind of entry authorization) as the control unit of door opening signal, open the door through the drive system, close the door automatically after people leave, and control the process of opening and closing. Automatic doors have been widely used in daily life. They can be used in laboratories, food processing plants, fast workshops, constant temperature rooms, clean rooms and other required condition studios. Let's explain the related knowledge of automatic door, including: principle, type and application of automatic door, composition structure, basic function, construction and installation method, key points of daily maintenance, precautions for use, top ten brand list and purchase method.
  自动门原理
  Principle of automatic door
  自动门的基本组成大体上相同,有了以上构成,再加上开门信号,就可以配置成一套简单的自动门系统了,就是可以将人接近门的动作识别为开门信号的控制单元,通过驱动系统将门开启,在人离开后再将门自动关闭,并对开启和关闭的过程实现控制的系统。通常情况下,不同种类的自动门其工作原理有一些不同,具体如下。
  The basic composition of the automatic door is basically the same. With the above composition and the door opening signal, it can be configured as a set of simple automatic door system, that is, the action of people approaching the door can be identified as the control unit of the door opening signal, the door can be opened through the drive system, and the door can be closed automatically after people leave, and the process of opening and closing can be controlled. Generally, different types of automatic doors have different working principles, as follows.
  1、自动门感应器工作原理:
  1. Working principle of automatic door sensor:
  自动门感应器探测到有人进入时,将脉冲信号传给主控器,主控器判断后通知马达运行,同时监控马达转数,以便通知马达在一定时候加力和进入慢行运行。马达得到一定运行电流后做正向运行,将动力传给同步带,再由同步带将动力传给吊具系统使门扇开启;门扇开启后由控制器作出判断,如需关门,通知马达作反向运动,关闭门扇。
  When the automatic door sensor detects that someone has entered, it will send the pulse signal to the main controller, and the main controller will inform the motor to run after judgment, and at the same time, it will monitor the rotation of the motor, so as to inform the motor to apply force at a certain time and enter into slow running. After the motor gets a certain running current, it will operate in the forward direction, and transmit the power to the synchronous belt, and then the synchronous belt will transmit the power to the spreader system to open the door leaf; after the door leaf is opened, the controller will make a judgment, if the door needs to be closed, it will notify the motor to move in the reverse direction and close the door leaf.
  2、平移自动门原理:
  2. Principle of translation automatic door:
  感应探测器探测到有人进入时,将脉冲信号传给主控器,主控器判断后通知马达运行,同时监控马达转数,以便通知马达在一定时候加力和进入慢行运行。马达得到一定运行电流后做正向运行,将动力传给同步带,再由同步带将动力传给吊具系统使门扇开启;门扇开启后由控制器作出判断,如需关门,通知马达作反向运动,关闭门扇。
  When the induction detector detects that someone has entered, it will send the pulse signal to the main controller, and the main controller will inform the motor to run after judgment, and at the same time monitor the motor revolution, so as to inform the motor to apply force and enter slow running at a certain time. After the motor gets a certain running current, it will operate in the forward direction, and transmit the power to the synchronous belt, and then the synchronous belt will transmit the power to the spreader system to open the door leaf; after the door leaf is opened, the controller will make a judgment, if the door needs to be closed, it will notify the motor to move in the reverse direction and close the door leaf.
  3、红外线自动门原理:
  3. Principle of infrared automatic door:
  一般人体都有恒定的体温,一般在37度,所以会发出特定波长10UM左右的红外线,红外线自动门就是利用红外反射原理,电路中有一个发射模块和一个接收模块,发射模块能发出一定频率及一定功率的红外光,当遇到障碍物时,反射回来,被接受模块收到,经过电路或单片机处理,执行相应的功能。
  Generally, the human body has a constant temperature, generally at 37 degrees, so it will emit infrared light of a specific wavelength of about 10um. The infrared automatic door is based on the principle of infrared reflection. There is a transmitting module and a receiving module in the circuit. The transmitting module can emit infrared light of a certain frequency and a certain power rate. When encountering obstacles, it will reflect back and be received by the receiving module. After passing through the circuit Or single-chip processing, the implementation of the corresponding functions.
  自动门的种类及应用
  Types and application of automatic door
  一、自动平移门:
  I. automatic sliding door:
  1、俗称趟门,包括标准平移门、弧形平移门、伸缩平移门、角度平移门等。
  1. Commonly known as gate, including standard gate, arc gate, expansion gate, angle gate, etc.
  2、主要应用于:公司、政府机关、饭店、银行、医院、写字楼、商场等主要出入口通道、工厂的车间通道。
  2. It is mainly used in: the main entrance and exit channels of companies, government agencies, hotels, banks, hospitals, office buildings, shopping malls and workshop channels of factories.
  3、平移门的优点在于:日常维护费用低廉,配件价格低,不占用纵向空间,外观开阔。缺点是它需要较大的横向空间,安装时要做整体工程配套施工,维护保养较不方便,开门时不能形成绝对的密闭空间。
  3. The advantages of the sliding door are: low cost of daily maintenance, low price of accessories, no occupation of longitudinal space, and wide appearance. The disadvantage is that it needs a large horizontal space, the whole project supporting construction should be done during the installation, the maintenance is inconvenient, and the absolute closed space cannot be formed when the door is opened.
  二、自动平开门:
  II. Automatic door opening:
  1、俗称掩门,包括单开,双开门。
  1. Commonly known as hidden door, including single door and double door.
  2、主要应用于:高级办公室、时尚住宅大楼入口、医疗通道、老年公寓、洗手间、残疾人通道、防火门或横向空间较小的场所。其优点在于安装、维护方便。可以在原有门体上安装,施工时间短,单开门在造价上相对于平移门要低一些,双开门要使用2套设备,在造价上相对平移门要高一些,开门时不能形成绝对的密闭空间
  2. It is mainly used in high-level office, entrance of fashionable residential building, medical passage, senior apartment, toilet, disabled passage, fire door or places with small horizontal space. The utility model has the advantages of convenient installation and maintenance. It can be installed on the original door body. The construction time is short. The cost of single door is lower than that of sliding door. Two sets of equipment should be used for double door. The cost is higher than that of sliding door. When opening the door, absolute enclosed space cannot be formed
  三、家用门及自动折叠门:
  III. household doors and automatic folding doors:
  应用于别墅的厨房或书房,办公室等。
  Used in the kitchen or study, office, etc.
  四、自动旋转门:
  IV. automatic revolving door:
  大商自动旋转门外形典雅、气势恢弘,主要的安装地点:酒店,机场,医院,商厦,娱乐中心等高级场所。旋转门可以说是自动门家族的豪门,技术最系统全面,功能齐全,能够完全隔离外界环境从而塑造优雅舒适的内部空间;但造价、维护费用较高,工程复杂,所需要的空间要求较大。
  The main installation location: hotels, airports, hospitals, commercial buildings, entertainment centers and other high-level places. The revolving door can be said to be a powerful family of automatic doors, with the most comprehensive technology and complete functions, which can completely isolate the external environment and create elegant and comfortable internal space; however, the cost and maintenance costs are high, the project is complex, and the space requirements are large.
  五、自动弧形门:
  V. automatic arc door:
  设计高雅、造型美观、轻盈、适合于剧院、银行、图书馆、会展中心、高级会所、购物广场等,可方便超市购物车、行李车、轮椅和推车通行。弧形门使得建筑风格更加有立体感和饱满性,视觉效果通透明朗,并可根据需要设计成密闭型,从而更加完美。造价上略低于旋转门高于平移门,也要求有较大的安装空间。
  Elegant design, beautiful appearance, light weight, suitable for theaters, banks, libraries, exhibition centers, senior clubs, shopping malls, etc., convenient for supermarket shopping carts, luggage carts, wheelchairs and carts. The arc door makes the architectural style more three-dimensional and full, the visual effect transparent and bright, and can be designed as a closed type according to the needs, so as to be more perfect. The cost is slightly lower than that of the revolving door and higher than that of the translation door, which also requires a large installation space.
  六、安防门:
  Vi. security door:
  应用于高机密场所、需识别进出通道。
  It is used in high secret places and needs to identify access.
  七、其他特殊用门:
  VII. Other special doors:
  消防门、隔音门、防辐射门、防静音门、银行金库门等。
  Fire door, sound door, radiation door, mute door, bank vault door, etc.
  自动门的组成结构
  Structure of automatic door
  1、主控制器:它是自动门的指挥中心,通过内部编有指令程序的大规模集成块,发出相应指令,指挥马达或电锁类系统工作;同时人们通过主控器调节门扇开启速度、开启幅度等参数。
  1. Main controller: it is the command center of the automatic door. Through the large-scale integrated block with internal instruction program, it sends out corresponding instructions to command the operation of the motor or electric lock system. At the same time, people adjust the opening speed, opening amplitude and other parameters of the door leaf through the main controller.
  2、感应探测器:负责采集外部信号,如同人们的眼睛,当有移动的物体进入它的工作范围时,它就给主控制器一个脉冲信号。
  2. Inductive detector: it is responsible for collecting external signals, like people's eyes. When a moving object enters its working range, it will give a pulse signal to the main controller.
  3、动力马达:提供开门与关门的主动力,控制门扇加速与减速运行。
  3. Power motor: provide the driving force for opening and closing the door, and control the acceleration and deceleration of the door leaf.
  4、门扇行进轨道:就象火车的铁轨,约束门扇的吊具走轮系统,使其按特定方向行进。
  4. Door leaf moving track: just like the railway track of the train, it restricts the spreader wheel system of the door leaf to move in a specific direction.
  5、门扇吊具走轮系统:用于吊挂活动门扇,同时在动力牵引下带动门扇运行。
  5. Door leaf spreader wheel system: it is used to hang the movable door leaf and drive the door leaf to operate under the power traction.
  6、同步皮带:用于传输马达所产动力,牵引门扇吊具走轮系统。
  6. Synchronous belt: it is used to transmit the power produced by the motor and to pull the wheel system of the door leaf sling.
  7、下部导向系统:是门扇下部的导向与定位装置,防止门扇在运行时出现前后门体摆动。
  7. Lower guiding system: it is the guiding and positioning device at the lower part of the door leaf to prevent the front and rear door body from swinging during the operation of the door leaf.

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